The pain caused by menstruation, also known as dysmenorrhea, may be due to different causes depending on whether it is a primary or secondary dysmenorrhea. Primarily refers to intermittent pain in the lower abdomen during the days of the period produced by violent contractions in the uterine muscle, which can make it harder for the blood supply.
Consequently, a pain sometimes accompanied by nausea, vomiting, occurs diarrhea or headaches.
While the secondary has a pain that is associated with other diseases, including endometriosis, adenomyosis and outlet obstruction menstrual cycle.
Typically, the period causes a general malaise in the body of the woman but, in some cases, pain can become unbearable and neither the passage of time or the medications fail to dissipate.
To end the menstrual pain, many women resort to certain remedies, home or not; that claim to be effective. One of them is physical exercise, especially yoga or aerobics. However, Laura de la Fuente, a gynecologist at the University Hospital 12 de Octubre in Madrid, nor denies nor confirms that this is true for lack of scientific evidence for this because physical activity affects the levels hormonal and generates endorphins that increase the pain threshold.
Although it admits that some studies have shown the beneficial effect of exercise on menstrual pain by reducing sympathetic activity and stress, two factors that influence the condition. One of these studies comparing the effectiveness of aerobic and stretching to reduce dysmenorrhea in a group of 98 women. The results were positive.
“Aerobic exercise series consisted of 20 minutes of increasing intensity, three times a week for two menstrual cycles. Isotonic exercises were a series of 10 exercises supervised stretching abdomen, pelvis, and groin area, three times a week for two cycles, “explains the expert.
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In short, it was concluded that performing daily guidelines of 10 minutes of stretching, 20 minutes of aerobic exercise, such as walking and cycling, followed by 10 minutes of relaxation or training programs of high intensity would achieve decrease discomfort.
Similarly, it has published a study on the benefits of yoga for the same purpose, in which 20 women underwent a 12-week exercise program, meditation, and relaxation. The results demonstrated its effectiveness.
The use of pain medications
Now, if the practice of certain sports or exercise is not yet fully proven as a foolproof solution to the problem of menstrual pain, the indiscriminate use of drugs it is neither. In fact, they can be harmful.
However, many women attending anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve pain, such as naproxen, ibuprofen, diclofenac or mefenamic which exhibit efficacy in 65 and one hundred percent of the cases. The problem is the high frequency used.
“Since the onset of pain often is preceded by premenstrual symptoms, it is advisable to pre – empty the onset of pain and taking anti – inflammatory structured manner with a fixed pattern during the initial days of menstruation, ” suggests the source.
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This measure is always preferable to perform it before a more intense pain occurs since in some severe cases it is necessary to use contraceptives to block the menstrual cycle.
Faced with these situations in a more acute discomfort experienced medical supervision is required when prescribing a drug.
For his part, Juan V. Ramirez Boscà, the medical specialist in obstetrics and gynecology and professor at the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Valencia, said other effective measures to alleviate the pain, in addition to not – steroidal anti – inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as naproxen mentioned, for example. Among them noted the antispasmodic, and in the menstrual phase, anovulatory or apply heat in the abdominal area.